Kamran Brohi's Blog

An Academician & Researcher

Archive for June 2009

Policy for Internet, Intranet, Web-Sites and Email in Federal Government Organizations.

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85px-Coat_of_arms_of_Pakistan_svgThe Government of Pakistan has laid out a Policy for Internet, Intranet, Web-Sites and Email in Federal Government Organizations. It suggests that Provincial Governments and other organizations may use this policy as a guideline to draw up respective policies.

As there exists no policy for the Internet, Intranet, Web-Sites and Email in University of Sindh, which is why instead of having all the latest IT equipment, infrastructure, services and facilities, we are not able to take the most out of these, in this information age. So I think it’s high time that University of Sindh should devise its own policy, based on the policy of federal government.

200px-Logo_of_University_of_SindhI think it’s due to the absence of such policy and its awareness that most of the faculty members and administrative staff, in University of Sindh, are still using the commercial email addresses, in official communication within and outside the university, despite the fact that all of them have been provided with POP3 email accounts with web mail facility on an email server which is hosted on the servers of one of the top hosting companies of USA . Most of them are not even aware of the importance and benefit of official email addresses. The lack of such policy is preventing the promotion of use of official websites and email addresses.

However, I would still like to know the reasons, which are preventing the use of official email address. If any faculty member or staff of University of Sindh, has any kind of confusion about the usage, security and storage of official email address, he/she can contact me directly and I would be pleased to help them out.

 Policy for Internet, Intranet, Web-Sites and Email in Federal Government Organizations.


Written by Kamran Brohi

June 30, 2009 at 6:59 pm

What is plagiarism?

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Plagiarism is a serious academic offence

Every year – thousands of students are expelled for committing plagiarism. The basic principle of Plagiarism – is using ones ideas, and passing it on as your own ideas without citing the previous author. Plagiarism ranges from using thoughts of fellow students without properly citing it, to copy/pasting information from web-sites, public articles, and, of course, downloading ready-made papers from the internet.

All tutors, instructors, professors are immediately expected to report about plagiarism, and further more – all university staff is alarmed about students accused in plagiarism. And students are at risk of being expelled from the Academic institution they study in.

When writing a paper – all tend to express themselves in an original manner, try to use original way of thinking. But we must remember that in most cases – there are very few NEW ways to express something, without repeating someones words, e.g. there is no new way to say I like dogs, try googling any version you can come up with. This is not a problem, because every student has an original way of thinking, and when he writes a paper – he uses his own frame of reference, which was thoroughly gathered and collected during his whole lifetime.

A lot of people collide with the problem that people with better writing skills express themselves in a more pleasant manner, so why should we strive expressing ourselves when much more experienced people can do it better?

Another way of developing your writing skills – is to read opinions of others on a particular topic, and writing a paper of your own, that compares other peoples thoughts with your own. If you see, that you are not able to write a paper – the best way to start developing your writing skills, while the deadline is coming skills – is to order a paper from a trusted company, analyze it on the structure, content, and writing style – and turn it in to your tutor. This way you will learn some writing techniques from other, qualified, professional writers. But you have to be sure, that the writer who is writing for you – is really proficient and knowledgeable in this particular field of study.

You can make a very strong paper, if you research different papers from different writers, analyze them and agree/disagree with them, and explain why. If you are looking forward to develop your skills – try to order a paper on a specific topic – and carefully analyze it, and, what is most important, use it as an example for your own writing. You can use some words and expressions from the paper, as you are 100% sure that this paper is plagiarism free, and you wont be penalized.

Following is a free tool online for checking plagiarism:


Source: http://www.plagiarismdetect.com/what-is-plagiarism.php

Written by Kamran Brohi

June 30, 2009 at 6:09 am

Posted in Notes

Visit of Batu Caves (Weekend Adventures)

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Batu Caves is a limestone hill, which has a series of caves and cave temples, located in Gombak district, 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) north of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It takes its name from the Sungai Batu or Batu River, which flows past the hill. Batu Caves is also the name of the nearby village.

The cave is one of the most popular Hindu shrines outside India, dedicated to Lord Murugan. It is the focal point of Hindu festival of Thaipusam in Malaysia which attracts over 1.5 million pilgrims yearly, making it one of the largest annual gatherings anywhere in the world.

Batu Caves at KL

Standing at 42.7 meter (140.09 ft) high, the world's tallest statue of Murugan, a Hindu deity, is located outside Batu Caves, near the city of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The statue, which cost approximately Rupees 24 million, is made of 1550 cubic metres of concrete, 250 tonnes of steel bars and 300 litres of gold paint brought in from neighboring Thailand.

The limestone forming Batu Caves is said to be around 400 million years old. Some of the cave entrances were used as shelters by the indigenous Temuan people (a tribe of Orang Asli).

As early as 1860, Chinese settlers began excavating guano for fertilising their vegetable patches. However, they became famous only after the limestone hills were recorded by colonial authorities including Daly and Syers as well as American Naturalist, William Hornaday in 1878.

Batu Caves was promoted as a place of worship by K. Thamboosamy Pillai, an Indian trader. He was inspired by the ‘vel’-shaped entrance of the main cave and was inspired to dedicate a temple to Lord Muruga within the caves.

In 1891, Pillai, who also founded the Sri Mahamariamman Temple, Kuala Lumpur, installed the murti (consecrated statue) of Sri Subramania Swamy in what is today known as the Temple Cave. Since 1892, the Thaipusam festival in the Tamil month of Thai (which falls in late January/early February) has been celebrated there.

Wooden steps up to the Temple Cave were built in 1920 and have since been replaced by 272 concrete steps. Of the various cave temples that comprise the site, the largest and best known is the Temple or Cathedral Cave, so named because it houses several Hindu shrines beneath its 100 m vaulted ceiling.

My kids inside Batu Caves

My kids inside Batu Caves

Written by Kamran Brohi

June 28, 2009 at 5:18 pm

Posted in Travel

Term ‘interior Sindh’ a misnomer

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Mr. Nisar Khuhro must be praised for his ruling. He has certainly pointed out a very important issue. Apart from this misnomer, I would like to point out another important matter, in the same context. Most of the people living in Karachi (particularly non sindhi speakers) are even sometimes delibrately trying to prove as Karachi is not the part of Sindh and asking people, who come to Karachi, from various parts of Sindh, questions like “Are you coming from Sindh?”. I feel annoyed with such questions because one strongly feels at that time like Karachi is not the part of Sindh.

There is great need of change of this thinking and behavior and people should avoid these misapproprate terms. Karachi is the heart of Sindh and it belongs to Sindh.

Dawn, June 26, 2009

Term ‘interior Sindh’ a misnomer
Friday, 26 Jun, 2009 | 02:55 AM PST

ON June 18 Sindh Assembly Speaker Nisar Ahmed Khuhro commented on the unbridled usage of the terms ‘Interior Sindh’ and ‘Karachi and Sindh’ and gave his ruling in the Sindh Assembly session saying: “These terms are misleading and against the unity of Sindh. Hence these should not be used by any Member of the Sindh Assembly.”

Elaborating his remarks, he told the house: “A person in Lahore does not speak of ‘Interior Punjab’, or the people in Peshawar never say anything such as ‘interior Pakhtoonkhwa’ and the Quetta residents do not use the term ‘interior Balochistan’. So we, the Sindhis, should call areas by their names and not as ‘interior’ etc.”

Sindh was known by various names in the past. In the last 7,000 years poets, intellectuals, folk story tellers of united India use the term “ Hind and Sindfor Sindh and the rest of Indian subcontinent. The name Sindh comes from the Indo-Aryans. In Sanskrit it was called Sindhu, meaning the River Sindh and the people living on its banks.

The Assyrians (as early as the seventh century BC) knew the region as Sinda, the Persians as Hindush, the Greeks as Indos, the Romans as Sindus or Indus, the Chinese as Sintu, while the Arabs and English conquerers called it Sind. The government of Sindh added the letter ‘h’ to ‘Sind in 1995 aimed at correcting its spelling as per its pronounciation

In history, all conquerors and rulers always called the areas by their names. When they thought of moving to Nairoon Kot (Hyderabad), Chandka (Larkana and Kamber), Sewstaan (Sehwan), Khangarhh (Jacobabad), etc., they never used the phrase ‘interior Sindh’, nor did they isolate or separate Karachi and Sindh

I hope that from now on all people, including opinion-makers and lawmakers, would discourage using such terms as would distort history and people’s perception about Sindh.


source: http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content-library/dawn/the-newspaper/letters-to-the-editor/term-interior-sindh-a-misnomer-669

Written by Kamran Brohi

June 28, 2009 at 4:28 pm

Posted in Notes

Do you think we should start chapters & groups of Sindh University Alumni?

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Do you think there is a need to form different chapters of the Sindh University Alumni throughout the country as well as abroad? Its a very common and successful practice in foreign universities but can be adopted to improve the performance and network of our alumni. What contribution can we expect from you in this regard?

Definition of a Chapter:

An alumni chapter is a group of former students of the University who share a common interest and have decided
to formalise their interaction with each other and with UoS.
Chapters may be organised as:
𐁺 regional groups (country, city, region or campus)
𐁺 educational areas (faculty or discipline area
𐁺 residential college alumni
𐁺 professional or industry area
𐁺 special interest groups
The focus of an individual chapter can vary, but may include:
𐁺 networking and building social, professional and business relations with other UoS alumni
𐁺 keeping in contact with friends from university
𐁺 creating a support network in regional or isolated areas
𐁺 having regular social gatherings
𐁺 providing support to current UoS students in the area
𐁺 raising funds for a scholarship nominated by the chapter
𐁺 assisting UoS in achieving its objectives

Chapters are generally organised and operated in a fairly formal way with a committee selected from amongst its
members. There are also “groups”, which are characterised by a more informal interaction between alumni.
I am trying to gather the views, comments and suggestions of former students of Sindh University Alumni, who would like to join the network, so that we could take necessary measures, for expanding the network of Sindh University Alumni Association. I would request all of you, whether you are a former student of University of Sindh or not, to give your commnets, based on your own experiences.

Written by Kamran Brohi

June 28, 2009 at 3:54 pm

An online effort for expanding the network of Sindh University Alumni

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Welcome to the UoS Alumni Network on Facebook. This is the “official” Facebook group for all alumni of UoS and its private and government affilated colleges.
Sindh University Alumni Association

UoS has recently launched the Alumni Network Improvement Committee and we have been busy trying to get in touch with as many past graduates as we can.

If you haven’t heard from us yet, visit http://alumni.usindh.edu.pk to find out more about the UoS Alumni Association and to confirm your membership.
In the meantime, leave us a message, share your memories of UoS, and check out who else from your UoS past is hanging around in Facebook. If you are a former student of University of Sindh and would like to join this group, you can easily do it by clicking the above link and by sending a request.

Your membership, participation, comments and suggestions can help us expand this network and improve its performance.
Kamran Brohi

P.S. – This network will provide a chance of participation, to those students of this great institute, who somehow have not been able to join the formal Alumni Association of the University.

Written by Kamran Brohi

June 28, 2009 at 3:46 pm

Visit of KLCC (Weekend Adventures)

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Petronas Twin Towers were the world's tallest buildings from 1998 to 2004

The Petronas Twin Towers (also known as the Petronas Towers or just Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia are twin towers and were the world’s tallest buildings, before being surpassed by Taipei 101. However, the towers are still the tallest twin buildings in the world. They were the world’s tallest buildings from 1998 to 2004 if measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural top, the original height reference used by the US-based Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat from 1969 (three additional height categories were introduced as the tower neared completion in 1996).

History:Designed by Argentine-American architect César Pelli, the Petronas Towers were completed in 1998 and became the tallest buildings in the world on the date of completion. They were built on the site of Kuala Lumpur’s race track. Because of the depth of the bedrock, the buildings were built on the world’s deepest foundations. The 120-meter foundations were built by Bachy Soletanche, and required massive amounts of concrete.

The 88-floor towers are constructed largely of reinforced concrete, with a steel and glass facade designed to resemble motifs found in Islamic art, a reflection of Malaysia’s Muslim religion. Another Islamic influence on the design is that the cross-section of the towers is based on a Rub el Hizb (albeit with circular sectors added to meet office space requirements). Due to a lack of steel and the huge cost of importing steel, the towers were constructed on a cheaper radical design of super high-strength reinforced concrete. High-strength concrete is a material familiar to Asian contractors and twice as effective as steel in sway reduction; however, it makes the building twice as heavy on its fo

Hamza & Virda right infront of KLCC

Hamza & Virda right infront of KLCC (Petronas Twin Towers) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

undation than a comparable steel building. Supported by 23-by-23 meter concrete cores and an outer ring of widely-spaced super columns, the towers use a sophisticated structural system that accommodates its slender profile and provides from 1300 to 2000 square metres of column-free office space per floor.Below the twin towers is Suria KLCC, a shopping mall, and Dewan Filharmonik Petronas, the home of the Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra.

Other buildings have used spires to increase their height but have always been taller overall to the pinnacle when trying to claim the title. In the aftermath of the controversy, the rules governing official titles were partially overhauled, and a number of buildings re-classified structural antenna as architectural details to boost their height rating (even though nothing was actually done to the building).

Favorite hang out of Hamza & Virda (KLCC Kids Park)

A favorite hangout of Hamza & Virda

Written by Kamran Brohi

June 21, 2009 at 3:20 am

Posted in Travel